Canada’s Approach to School Funding: The Adoption of Provincial Control of Education Funding in Three Provinces

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This report from the Center for American Politics explores three Canadian funding systems in Alberta, British Columbia, and Ontario–all of which give control over education funding to the provinces. All three of these provinces have been successful in transitioning from funding systems that resemble those within individual American states–to systems that promote equality in funding. In each case, the province (roughly equivalent to a state) sets the property tax rate for education and then supplements those funds with general revenue funds. But all three provinces handle division of these taxes in different ways. In general, the paper implies that a state-level funding system would promote stability and predictability for budgeting by creating a broader tax base to evenly disperse. Read it here.